If you want fit and healthy fish then it is essential you feed them the right food, this will also avoid polluting the water too.
When purchasing your pond fish food, consider the size of the foods you’re buying, of course smaller fish will struggle to eat huge pellets that don’t fit into their mouth but also big fish will not benefit from tiny pellets.
Also consider the temperature, if the temperature is below 5 degrees centigrade then it’s pointless feeding your fish, this is because when it’s this cold the digestive system of your fish will shut down, the fish will normally just ignore food put into the pond during this period, but if they do eat it, then due to their digestive system not working the food will sit in their belly and rot, causing major problems for the fish even leading to fatality.
Pond Food During Winter
If the temperature is 5 – 10 degrees then use wheatgerm foods. Wheatgerm is easier for the fish to digest, so during cooler temperatures such as this, when their digestive system is slower they can still eat and digest the food.
Feed When It's Warmer
During warmer weather such as 10 – 30 degrees you can use much higher protein food, and this will also aid fish growth as the higher the protein the more the fish will grow, as long as they are able to digest it. Anything over 30 degrees and it’s best to stop feeding.
Types of Fish Foods
Floating Sticks, these are probably the cheapest and most commonly used food, they are easy to remove from the pond if uneaten and they are quite good value for money usually. Varieties available include growth, vitality and colour sticks.
Floating Pellets, a very common pond food, they will usually have a range of sizes to suit your fish size, you’ll also find there are many varieties such as growth, colour and vitality just like sticks.
Sinking Pellets, aimed at bottom feeding fish such as Sturgeon, but most fish will eat them anyway. Be sure to check that they have been eaten from the bottom as these are the easiest type to over feed on. Out of sight, out of mind!
Flake Fish Food, every one knows what flake food looks like, usually best to be used on smaller fish, especially fry (baby fish). Be careful, flake can be messy and are no use to large fish like koi who will usually just spit them back out after consuming them.
Silkworm Pupae is a Koi luxury food. It is dried insect in rich high protein. It will aid both growth and colour and are a superb supplement, but best used in additional to another food.
You can buy a huge range of coldwater fish food from Gardensite. Call their Aquatics Department on 0121 355 7701 for free independent and impartial advice.