There's no doubt that building a pre-formed or liner pond involves a certain amount of hard work, so Nathan James Dodd thinks that a raised version from Intalogs or a Blagdon is well worth considering.
This is our aquatic expert Dan Everton's guide to getting your garden pond ready for Autumn and Winter, as it's important to plan ahead now before the leaves begin to fall and cold weather freezes the water
When the days shorten and there's a chill in the air, your main concern will be dead foliage falling into the water, whether from pond plants or nearby trees, shrubs and hedges.
It is very important to prevent this from happening, as the decaying leaves will release gases that are harmful to both fish and plants, and may encourage algae growth in the spring.
So remove any dead foliage from the water, and also trim back summer growth and generally tidy any pond plants, dividing any that are becoming too invasive. Some plants around the pond may also not be fully hardy, so think about protecting them with fleece.
Remove any debris that the pond has collected over the summer with a net or pond vacuum before protecting it from autumn leaves with pond netting
There’s a wide range of pond netting available and you can choose between clear, black and green. This can be bought off the roll or in set sizes of up to 72 sq mtrs. Heavy duty netting will last for several years and child safety pond netting, although never replacing adult supervision, is also obtainable and can be used with many other water features.
Also don’t forget that netting provides another valuable service, that of keeping predators away from your fish.
Pond thermometers are useful to judge the amount and type of fish food that is required. As the temperature falls, fish do not require as much food and anything that is undigested will contaminate the water, so use lower protein feed before stopping completely.
Filters and pumps can be removed, cleaned and stored away once the temperature goes below 10C, biological activity in the pond will have ceased and pumps might disturb overwintering fish and frogs which retreat to the bottom of the pond in cold weather.
Measure the water quality with an easy to use test kit. Nitrates may have built up over the summer and these are harmful to fish. You should also discover the water’s pH to ensure exactly the right environment for pond life to flourish in readiness for next year.
Ice is another eventually best avoided. It will put pressure on concrete ponds and may lead to cracking. Although over wintering fish and amphibians will survive under ice for a certain amount of time, ice traps gases escaping from decaying material and prevents oxygen from entering the water. Snow cover also cuts off light, preventing plants from producing oxygen.
Use a pond heater or aerator to ensure an area of your pond stays ice free. Heaters, some thermostatically controlled, are efficient and economical to run while air pumps, suitable for many different pond sizes and depths, will keep both the water ice free in winter and reduce carbon dioxide levels in the summer ensuring an oxygen rich pond.
Create a Halloween party in your house or garden with ideas and suggestions from David Coton that will keep your children and neighbours thrilled and spooked on the 31st October.
Looking for some advice on how to decorate your garden for halloween? David Coton has some great ideas to help you create a horror themed garden to scare your neighbours and any trick & treaters who come to your door.
Used originally to frighten away evil spirits, now placed near the front door to deter trick or treaters, carved pumpkins have been part of Halloween for a very long time. Here Martyn Loach explains the process of creating the scariest pumpkin in your street.
To grow the biggest, scariest pumpkin in time for Halloween isn't easy as they take some time to mature and prefer a warm climate. To have the best chance of success Martyn Loach recommends sowing seed indoors during April and then planting out in late May or June.