Late flowering plants are essential sources of nectar for insects including butterflies and bees who are still foraging at this time of the year. Martyn Loach suggests five plants that will make your garden wildlife friendly into the autumn.
The State of Nature Report, described by David Farnborough as a 'stark warning', highlights the dramatic reduction in British wildlife. 60% of animal and plant species have declined in the past 50 years - and one in 10 could end up disappearing.
One third of hedgehogs have been lost in the last decade, the number small tortoiseshell butterflies is down by 77%, and there are now 93% less turtle doves than in 1970.
Gardens now play an ever important role in conserving endangered species as intensive farming and the destruction of natural habitat takes a huge toll on native wildlife. So what are the best ways to attract these welcome visitors, who are not only interesting to observe but can do a vital job of eradicating pests and pollinating plants?
Bird feeders and boxes. There are now 44 million less birds than in the 1960s. Feeders are vital for extra nourishment in the winter, but remember to keep them full and continue during the summer. They search out places to nest fairly early in the year, so put up a range of boxes to suit different species in late winter. We also suggest that you do not feed birds bread.
Help a hedgehog. Only about 50% of our spiny friends live to see a second winter, help them out by installing a hedgehog house. When you're out in the garden, don't disturb log piles. Leave out pet food and a bowl of water. Make sure there's a gap in your fence to allow them in and out of your garden.
Don't forget other small mammals and the beneficial but somewhat less attractive creepy crawlies. Nest boxes and artificial habitats can be built or bought for many species including bats, dormice, moths, butterflies, bees and ladybirds.
Grow nectar and pollen rich flowers – old cottage garden varieties that flower throughout the year such as forget-me-nots, bluebells, buddleia, campanula, potentilla and foxgloves, rather than modern varieties that have little to offer insects. Herbs are also useful. Don't be tempted to chop down ivy even though it may have spread a little too far, it's an invaluable winter food resource and small bird habitat.
Probably the best way to increase your garden's bio-diversity. Whether it's large or small, pre-formed or butyl lined, it will provide amphibians with a habitat and attract other species seeking water. You can make it more diverse by including a marshy area, shelving and sloping edges to enable easy access.
Neglect an area so that it 'goes back to nature'. We all like a well tended lawn and weed free border but designate one patch of your garden as a nature reserve. Let a some brambles and nettles grow there, pile up a few logs and refugees from more manicured gardens will find a home there.
Plant a mixed hedge rather than erecting a fence, preferably using natives species that will provide food and shelter for birds during the winter when there are few alternatives.
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Create a Halloween party in your house or garden with ideas and suggestions from David Coton that will keep your children and neighbours thrilled and spooked on the 31st October.
Looking for some advice on how to decorate your garden for halloween? David Coton has some great ideas to help you create a horror themed garden to scare your neighbours and any trick & treaters who come to your door.
To grow the biggest, scariest pumpkin in time for Halloween isn't easy as they take some time to mature and prefer a warm climate. To have the best chance of success Martyn Loach recommends sowing seed indoors during April and then planting out in late May or June.
Used originally to frighten away evil spirits, now placed near the front door to deter trick or treaters, carved pumpkins have been part of Halloween for a very long time. Here Martyn Loach explains the process of creating the scariest pumpkin in your street.