What To Do In The Garden In November

David Coton suggests that there are plenty of gardening jobs that need to be done in November, from why you shouldn't throw away your fallen leaves to how to take care of your vegetable patch.

Created by David Coton on Friday, 27th of October, 2017.
Updated on Thursday, 7th of December, 2017.

With autumn winds blowing leaves all over the garden there might be a temptation to burn them. However, if you sweep them off the lawn and paths and store in spiked black bags, this time next year you'll have lovely fibrous water retentive leaf mould.

When cleared of leaves, give the lawn some attention by spiking and covering with an autumn dressing high in phosphate and potash. It's also good to keep mowing if dry weather allows but avoid walking on the grass when it is frozen.

Plant Trees And Shrubs

Now is just the right time to plant bare rooted trees, shrubs and hedging and a whole range of fruit including raspberries, gooseberries, currents and grape vines. In freezing weather protect the roots with sacking until the soil is easier to work.

Don't stint on planting perennials and there is no reason to cut down existing hardy varieties. Their shape will add structure to the garden in winter and the seeds are a useful source of protein for the birds. Biennials such as wallflowers may now be planted out into spring bedding.

Protect Plants

If you suspect any 'hardy' plants will not survive very cold weather, cover with fleece or a good thick mulch. Tender plants should be moved into a greenhouse or garage. Plants originating from those wonderful places where warmth is a near all year round occurrence, such as bananas and tree ferns, need to be well wrapped up in bubblewrap or hessian before the frost sets in.

Don't forget to discourage hungry pigeons by netting any brassicas. At the same time throw any yellowing leaves into the compost bin and make sure the stems are firmed in. Cauliflowers also need frost protection by folding leaves over the curd.

Also on the vegetable patch, if your rhubarb was a bit limp or hasn't delivered decent stems over the year, divide it with a spade and replant with well rotted organic matter. Sow early broad beans under cloches or in pots under a cold frame. Garlic should also go in now before the ground gets too wet. Particularly if you suffer from clubroot, give the earth a good dressing with lime.

Take Cuttings

Hardwood cuttings (from forsythia, viburnum, buddleia, vines, honeysuckle etc or fruit such as gooseberries) should also be keeping you busy. Once the last leaf has dropped, make a clean sloping cut below a bud and take a cutting about 9 inches long. Cut off the top growth just above a bud. Place the cutting into a compost filled pot or, if you have several, outside in line in a trench, leaving about 3 inches peeping out. Replant them next year in open ground, and then transplant into a permanent position the following year.

Clean The Greenhouse

Thoroughly clean your greenhouse, a brush and washing up liquid will do a good job in eliminating algae on the glass. Then, if you are using the greenhouse to protect tender plants over the winter, install bubble wrap from our Autumn Gardening Shop to insulate the glazing.

Any canes can be put away until next year, after cleaning them. Once the last crop has been picked, dig the patch over, try and remove perennial weeds and leave it for the winter rains and frost to do their magic.

If you have a fruit cage, check it over for damage and it's usually a good idea to remove the netting in case of snow. Also make sure tree stakes and ties are good enough to survive the winter.

Pond Netting

Aquatic expert Dan Everton says that your main problem as autumn bites will be leaves falling into the pond. Netting should already have been fitted, but it's never too late especially if there are adjacent trees and hedges.

Before covering the pond, remove any debris with a net or specialist pond vacuum. If the leaves sink to the bottom of the pond, they will decay and release gases that are harmful to both fauna and flora.

Don't forget to also remove dead foliage from pond plants, tidy them and divide any that have become invasive. Protect any non-hardy plants with fleece before they suffer frost damage.

Pond netting is available in a huge range of sizes and colours. There's also heavy duty netting and, in addition to keeping leaves out of the water, netting will also deter predators.

Filters And Pumps

Remove filters and pumps when the temperature dips below 10°C, cleaning before storing them for the winter. There's little biological activity in cold weather and the pumps might disturb fish and frogs residing at the bottom of the pond.

If you keep fish, then a pond thermometer will come in handy to decide what type and how much food is required. In low temperatures fish need less food and a lower protein product, undigested food will result in water contamination.

You should continue to keep an eye on water quality using a test kit, measuring the pH and checking for any build up of harmful nitrates.

Heaters And Aerators

Fish and frogs will survive under ice for a surprising amount of time if your pond is deep enough, but ice traps harmful gases and snow cover reduces the amount of light. So it's best to invest in a product that will stop ice from forming.

A pond heater or aerator will ensure that a portion of the pond is ice free, They are cheap to run and some are thermostatically controlled making them even more economic. Aerators can also be used during the summer to increase oxygenation.


Related Articles

How To Grow A Halloween Pumpkin

How To Grow A Halloween Pumpkin

To grow the biggest, scariest pumpkin in time for Halloween isn't easy as they take some time to mature and prefer a warm climate. To have the best chance of success Martyn Loach recommends sowing seed indoors during April and then planting out in late May or June.

Author: Martyn Loach

Written by Martyn Loach.
Published on Thursday, 22nd of October, 2015.

Autumn Covers For Garden Furniture

Autumn Covers For Garden Furniture

When the weather becomes too cold and damp to sit outside or host a barbecue it's also time to safeguard your garden furniture, Nathan James Dodd reviews the covers that offer protection from wind, rain and snow until spring arrives.

Author: David Coton

Written by David Coton.
Published on Thursday, 15th of October, 2015.

Autumn Pond Netting

Autumn Pond Netting

When the leaves start falling from the trees it is essential to cover your pond with netting. Here Dan Everton describes the different types of pond netting that will prevent leaves having a detrimental effect on pond water and wildlife.

Author: Dan Everton

Written by Dan Everton.
Published on Tuesday, 13th of October, 2015.

Using Water Butts To Conserve Autumn Rainfall

Using Water Butts To Conserve Autumn Rainfall

You might think that Britain is drenched by a deluge of water throughout the year, but regular hose pipe bans prove otherwise. That's why we need to conserve the rainfall that we receive and Nathan James Dodd thinks the best way of achieving this is to use a water butt.

Author: David Coton

Written by David Coton.
Published on Wednesday, 14th of October, 2015.

comments powered by Disqus


View RSS Feed


David Coton

Partner at GardenSite

View Profile

Follow Us!

Recent Articles

What To Do In The Garden In January

What To Do In The Garden In January

Although the days are short and the view from our Garden Centre is frosty and overcast, Andy Taylor suggests various jobs that can be done in the garden during the month of January.

Author: Andrew Taylor

Written by Andrew Taylor.
Published on Friday, 29th of December, 2017.

GardenSite Donates Christmas Tree To Arthur Terry Winter Concert

GardenSite Donates Christmas Tree To Arthur Terry Winter Concert

Showcasing young musical talent, this year's Winter Concert at Arthur Terry School was an outstanding success and took place against the stunning backdrop of a Christmas Tree donated by GardenSite.

Author: David Coton

Written by David Coton.
Published on Thursday, 21st of December, 2017.

New Street Station Christmas Tree And Selfie Competition

New Street Station Christmas Tree And Selfie Competition

It was quite an honour for GardenSite to be asked to supply the Christmas Tree to Birmingham New Street Station this year, and to celebrate we're offering a Champagne High Tea to the winners of a seasonal selfie competition.

Author: David Coton

Written by David Coton.
Published on Tuesday, 19th of December, 2017.

Garden Storm Damage And What You Should Know

Garden Storm Damage And What You Should Know

With Storm Caroline reeking havoc many people are likely to be contacting their insurance companies at some time regarding damage caused to sheds, greenhouses, fences and other garden property. Robert Hall explains how GardenSite.co.uk can help with an independent insurance quote and claim.

Author: Robert Hall

Written by Robert Hall.
Published on Thursday, 7th of December, 2017.