Caring for Citrus Plants

You may well have received a citrus plant as a present at Christmas or the New Year. Nathan James Dodd shares his knowledge on how best to look after these attractive plants that will bear fruit if provided with ideal environment.

Created by Nathan James Dodd on Monday, 16th of February, 2015.
Updated on Thursday, 21st of May, 2015.


Caring for Citrus Plants

To avoid disappointment make sure that your plant is a named cultivar from a reliable retailer. Remember that plants grown from pips will not flower, you need a grafted plant for successful fruiting.

In this country, citrus plants are generally grown in containers - preferably terracotta - but if the growing instructions have been mislaid or are not comprehensive, you may be wondering about the best way to care for these sometimes challenging plants. 

Growing Conditions

Citrus will thrive best in conditions that replicate their native warm climate. Lemons and orange cultivars can fruit regularly, grapefruit is a little more difficult while clementines and satsumas are good for beginners.

A warm environment, on the humid side, is necessary and a conservatory full of light is ideal with the temperature preferably maintained at no less than 50F. Plants can be moved to a sheltered location outdoors during the summer, but they will need to come inside when autumn approaches. Although claims may be made, there are no citrus plants that are hardy in our climate.

The growing medium should be ericaceous and have good drainage, such as J Arthur Bowers Citrus Compost that has a blend of peat, composted bark, loam and gritty sand. Water thoroughly every other day during the summer and weekly in the winter but don't over do it, citrus don't like to be waterlogged.

Feeding Requirements

Plants will need a well balanced feed in the summer and one that is high in nitrogen during the winter. Specially formulated fertilizer is available such as that from Growth Technology and Baby Bio. Re-pot in spring only when necessary.

As with many other plants, citrus may respond badly to temperature or humidity changes, leaf drop is a typical problem and will reduce fruiting. So keep any fluctuations to a minimum and, especially in a centrally heated home, mist the plant regularly or place on a moist pebble base.

Also look out for soft scale, aphids, mealy bugs and red spider mites. As you will probably be eating the fruit, treat with organic sprays that are not persistent such as Bayer Natria. Other ailments include Little Leaf (ensure that the soil contains all the required trace elements), Lemon Scab (apply copper fungicide) and Cirtus Gall Wasp (cut out and burn affected areas).

Don't let this list of pests and diseases put you off, it isn't worse than most other plants and there is great satisfaction in growing citrus fruit. If you provide the correct conditions, you could be rewarded with your own grapefruit for breakfast, lemon for your tea and juicy satsumas on a summer's afternoon.

Related Articles

Konstsmide Christmas Window Lights

Konstsmide Christmas Window Lights

Window Lights are wonderful way to greet visitors to your house at Christmas, and here Andy Taylor reviews Konstsmide's contemporary and traditional range of Candlesticks, Welcome Lights and Silhouettes.

Author: Andrew Taylor

Written by Andrew Taylor.
Published on Tuesday, 13th of December, 2016.

Poinsettias Now Available From Our Garden Centre

Poinsettias Now Available From Our Garden Centre

With Christmas rapidly approaching, our New Oscott Garden Centre has just taken delivery of that most seasonal of plants – the Poinsettia. These are David Hall's tips on to how to keep these beautiful plants at their colourful best.

Author: David Hall

Written by David Hall.
Published on Thursday, 8th of December, 2016.

GardenSite Donates Christmas Tree To Hospice

GardenSite Donates Christmas Tree To Hospice

Our garden centre has been part of the local community for over 60 years, so when one of our partners, David Coton, received a request to donate a Christmas tree to a nearby hospice, he had no hesitation in helping them out.

Author: Robert Hall

Written by Robert Hall.
Published on Wednesday, 7th of December, 2016.

Novelty Indoor Illuminated Christmas Decorations

Novelty Indoor Illuminated Christmas Decorations

In the past Christmas decorations were limited to streamers and fairy lights but now, as Robert Hall has discovered, there is a huge selection of novelty lights that can add brightness and fun to your celebrations.

Author: Robert Hall

Written by Robert Hall.
Published on Monday, 28th of November, 2016.

comments powered by Disqus

RSS

View RSS Feed

Author

Nathan James Dodd Nathan James Dodd

Garden Designer

View Profile

Follow Us!

Recent Articles

Forest Launch Noise Reduction Fence Panels

Forest Launch Noise Reduction Fence Panels

With gardens becoming smaller, neighbours closer and roads busier, we all suffer from different types of noise pollution. But, as Andy Taylor reports, Forest have now come up with a new kind of fencing that minimizes this nuisance.

Author: Andrew Taylor

Written by Andrew Taylor.
Published on Monday, 30th of January, 2017.

February Gardening Jobs

February Gardening Jobs

Although gardening activity in February may not be so frenetic as during the summer months, there's still plenty to be done and Spring is just around the corner. Nathan James Dodd suggests the jobs you should be tackling in the garden this month.

Author: Nathan James Dodd

Written by Nathan James Dodd.
Published on Monday, 30th of January, 2017.

February Pond Maintenance

February Pond Maintenance

Dan Everton helps you look after your pond during the February with some tips on the precautions you can take to avoid the water freezing over, and advice on keeping fish at this time of the year.

Author: Dan Everton

Written by Dan Everton.
Published on Monday, 30th of January, 2017.

How To Heat Your Greenhouse

How To Heat Your Greenhouse

Heating will be a deciding factor on the variety of plants you are able to grow in a greenhouse and the number of plants that can be kept over winter. Here, Robert Hall goes through the pros and cons of the different types of heating that are available.

Author: Robert Hall

Written by Robert Hall.
Published on Monday, 16th of January, 2017.