Aquatic expert Dan Everton has this advice on how to maintain your pond during November, when the days are short, frost threatens and leaves are falling from the trees.
September, and the beginning of autumn, is an important time of the year for your pond.
Leaves on surrounding hedges and trees start to turn brown and fall, and aquatic plants' foliage begins to die off, you musn't let these collect at the bottom of the pond to decompose.
If you have fish you may cover your pond during the year to guard against predators. If not, now is the time to invest in some pond netting to prevent leaves from entering the water.
When you allow vegetation to rot in a pond, noxious gases will be released together with nitrates that will encourage algae. This is vital to avoid, especially if you have a small pond, and is an essential maintenance task.
Cut back and divide any pond plants which have become overgrown. If plants are not hardy should be re-located for the winter or covered in protective fleece.
A fish's appetite diminishes during the autumn, so adjust fish food to a lower protein variety and lessen the quantity. You don't want uneaten food remaining in the water, this will result in contamination and increase the risk of disease.
Start thinking about reducing the flow of water through pumps and filters, cleaning and annual maintenance can wait until later in the autumn when the temperature has fallen.
Test the quality of the water, this can be achieved using a pond test kit and then you can take the appropriate action as required.
Try to eliminate blanket weed and duckweed if they are still a problem, using a chemical treatment or an organic method such as barley straw, in addition to removing by hand.
If the weather is still warm then keep on topping up the pond. The more forcefully water is sprayed into the pond, the more oxygen will be added and chlorine dispersed. Of course if you're planning to add a large quantity of water then it's always better to use a tap water treatment such as Blagdon Fresh Start or similar.
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