Look after your lawn in spring and Nathan James Dodd says it will pay dividends later on in the season. After a long winter the lawn will be crying out for a good lawn care product. The resultant healthy growth will make it more resilient for the coming year, thickening the grass and discouraging many potential problems.
A granular spring feed that releases its goodness over a period of several weeks is probably best. The three key ingredients are a high percentage of Nitrogen for colour and growth, Phosphorous for a good root system and Potash to strengthen the plant so it will better survive stress such as drought.
Follow the application instructions carefully, I once had a neighbour who mis-read the instructions on the packet and his lawn, instead of verdant green, turned into torched brown. You can scatter the feed by hand or purchase a spreader. If you spread by hand, perhaps mark out a small area first and practise applying the correct amount.
A healthy lawn that has been well fed and looked after will discourage weeds but if you have inherited a poor lawn then choose an all in one feed with weed killer. If you don't have too many weeds, dig them out individually – always extracting the tap root.
If you don't want a bad back, there are thankfully products available to eliminate weeds without bending down. Fill any holes with top soil and grass seed.
More Grass, Less Moss
If, like me, your biggest problem is moss. It thrives in cold winter and may have invaded most of the lawn of the winter. The all in one feed may include moss killer or you can buy it separately but wait until the grass has resumed growing before applying it.
Once the moss has died, scarify the grass with a manual or motorised rake or scarifier. After the last time I did this, the lawn looked like the fifth day pitch at Edgbaston during a hot summer. More dry earth than grass. But don't despair.
You must then aerate the soil, lessening the compaction. This can be done by buying or hiring a machine. Then overseed by hand or spreader and, to protect the seed, apply a top dressing which is a mixture of sand, peat and loam. Alternatively, you could also mix the seed with the top dressing and work in well.
Make sure the lawn is kept moist to encourage the seed to germinate. If you can discourage birds all the better but this will be easier if you only have a small area to protect.
Aerate And Scarify
Even if your lawn doesn't need scarifying it will benefit from aeration, overseeding and top dressing. This will improve the density of the grass after a miserable winter and rejuvenate bare patches.
When you have now knocked the lawn into shape for the spring, to keep the grass in tip top condition you must put into action a programme of mowing, feeding and maintenance throughout the summer. The grass will become thick, strong and healthy, ready and able to fight off weeds and moss.